• TripleBlack®
    After seing all the different versions of Ferrari 308 and 328 in its first part, this buying guide offers you now to discover all the cosmetic aspects. The different wheels, different colors of carpet and leather, countless exterior colors, etc. You won't miss a thing to imagine the Ferrari of your dreams or to discover that this Ferrari 308 was assembled with parts from different model years. A big THANK YOU goes to TripleBlack®, Speedy, Sebino, Yves and ScuderiaCH for writing and making available to other members of TheFerrarista.com this incredible source of information on the Ferrari 308 and 328!
    1. Rims:
    5 spokes (Daytona style) Campagnolo, originally in 14" diameter (Michelin XWX tires 205/70-14) and 6"1/2 wide (with 7"1/2 as option). Two other manufacturers appear over the production time frame: Cromodora then Speedline. Even if the design is basically the same, one can notice small differences between the brands (different angles and finishes, stickers on Campagnolo and Speedline, brand embossed on Cromodora). The central insert of the wheel is made of thick plastic on early versions giving a blurred aspect to the « Cavallino rampante ».

    2. Carpet color codes:
    Nero (80), Rosso (81), Testa di Moro (83), Blu (84), Bruciato (85) replaced by Castoro (172) from year 1981.

    3. Upholstery designs and color codes:
    3.1 Upholstery designs (1976/1980 - 1981/1985 - 1986/1989):

    3.2 Upholstery color codes:
    Nero (VM8500), Beige (VM3218 become VM4208 from end of ye    ar 1988 and chassis 79662), Crema (VM3997), Sabbia (VM3234), Blu (VM3282), Rosso (VM3171), Testa di Moro (VM890), Tabacco (VM846), Nuvola (VM3015).

    4. Paint codes:
    4.1 From 1975 to 1980:
    Opaque colors : Rosso Chiaro (20-R-190), Rosso Dino (20-R-350), Blu Scuro Dino (20-A-357), Azzuro Dino (20-A-349), Nuovo Giallo Fly (20-Y-490), Bianco Polo Park (20-W-152), Nero (20-B-50), Blu Montecarlo (20-A-548).

    Metallic colors : Verde Pino (106-G-30), Verde Medio (106-G-29), Blu Dino (106-A-72), Blu Sera (106-A-18), Azzuro (106-A-32), Marrone Dino (106-M-73), Grigio Ferro (106-E-8), Oro Chiaro (106-Y-137), Argento Auteuil (106-E-1), Rosso Rubino (106-R-83), Rosso (133-R-10).

    4.2 From mid 1981 to 1983:
    Opaque colors : Bianco (FER100), Giallo (FER102), Rosso Corsa (FER300), Rosso Dino (FER301), Azzuro (FER500), Blu Scuro (FER501), Nero (FER1240).

    Metallic colors : Argento Auteuil (FER101/C), Oro Chiaro (FER103/C), Rosso Rubino (FER302/C), Marrone (FER303/C), Azzuro (FER502/C), Blu Chiaro (FER503/C), Blu Sera (FER504/C), Verde Medio (FER600/C), Verde Pino (FER601/C),  Grigio (FER700/C).

    4.3 From 1984 to 1989:
    Opaque colors : Bianco (FER100), Giallo (FER102), Rosso Corsa (FER300/6 then FER300/9 during year 1988), Nero (FER1240).

    Metallic colors : Verde Scuro (603/C), Verde Chiaro (602/C), Verde Tenue (604/C), Blu Chiaro (503/C), Blu Sera (504/C), Azzuro (505/C), Blu Medio (506/C), Marrone (800/C), Grigio (700/C), Oro Chiaro (104/C), Argento (101/C), Rosso (305/C), Prugna (306/C), NeroFer (901/C).

    4.4 Paint codes from 1973 to 1980 specific to the Ferrari 308 GT4:
    Avorio Safari (20-Y-546), Azzuro Cielo (20-A-547), Blu (20-A-185), Rosso (20-R-187), Prugna (20-R-549), Nero (20-B-50), Rosso Bordeaux (20-R-351).

    4.5 Color not in the catalogue:
    A color ordered on a special order « off the standard catalog » maybe encountered from time to time. Thus we have found a single (so far…), a Verde Germoglio (20-G-465) « vetroresina » 308 GTB and a Rosso Barchetta (FRE312) US model Ferrari 308 GTBi.

    5. Differences between export standards:
    - Indicators/front position lights white until mid 1977 (except white/orange for German cars from the beginning and orange lights for U.S. cars) then white/orange on all cars except U.S. all orange.

    - Rear all orange SIEM turning lights on carbureted European cars, reversing lights in the bumper. On U.S. cars and Euro cars after assembly number #601, reverse lights included in the center of the indicator light (Carello).

    - On all U.S. cars, more prominent bumpers with integrated shock absorbers, body panels reinforcements, lower rear apron (or « diaper »), four exhaust pipes, specific front compartment layout (specific standards on impact full size spare wheel unlike Euro cars). Large rectangular repeaters position lights on front fenders (larger than on Euro cars) and rectangular side marker lights on the rear fender. « Flags » rear view mirrors on steel bodies. Speedometer in MpH calibrated up to 180. « Seat belt » indicator on dashboard, large hand brake and starter lights. ABS indicator from 1988, large handbrake and starter lights.

    - On German models, rear engine cover vents flush to the sheet metal and lateral scoops in the doors body fitted with grids.
    This second article from the buying guide of Ferrari 308 and 328 introduced you in detail the different cosmetic choices on these models. Does your Ferrari 308 or 328 has other cosmetic characteristics? What other questions would you like to get an answer regarding the cosmetic aspects of the Ferrari 308 and 328?
    The next and final article in this series will give you buying advices from owners of these models. You will learn specifically what are the known problems of these models and how to fix them.
    If you like this article, you might also like :
    - Ferrari 308 and 328 buying guide : the various versions (1/3)
    - Ferrari 308 and 328 Buying guide : the purchasing tips (3/3)
    - The dedicated website with the full Ferrari 308 and 328 buying guide
    - 5 reasons to choose the Ferrari F355 against the 360 Modena or vice versa ...
    - Long term test: Matmatlr's Ferrari 348
    How to find which model is the right one for you in the different models of the long career of Ferrari 308 and Ferrari 328? When you want to acquire or restore one of these Ferrari, having the precise details of all options, changes over the years and known issues is essential to make a good choice or validate the authenticity of a copy. This buying guide for Ferrari 308 and Ferrari 328 is not a traditional buying guide. He will not speak to you of driving experience, the behavior of these cars or to check the completeness of the maintenance book. No, these points are subjective and of low interest for the buyer of these models that come in collection. This guide is different because it is written by passionate owners of these models, it gets you to the point: provide all the accurate details to refine your choice. This guide is divided into three separate articles, to address all the necessary matters: "The various versions," "The cosmetic aspects", "Purchasing tips and known issues".
    A big THANK YOU to TripleBlack®, Speedy, Sebino, Yves and ScuderiaCH for writing and made available to other members of TheFerrarista.com this incredible source of information on the Ferrari 308 and 328!
    Various versions of Ferrari 308 and 328
    Presented at Paris show in October, 1975, on the Ferrari Pozzi stand in yellow ( Giallo Fly), and on the Pininfarina stand in light blue metal (Azzurro metallizzato), the production of 308/328 is going to last about 15 years, what explains a whole series of modifications.
    As you will see, the conditional is often used because the Ferrari SpA of that period stayed a craft company and the small introduced improvements were often "continuous-flow", in the course of production, without generating inevitably a real modification of the specifications.
    1. From 1975 to 1979 : carbureted Ferrari 308 versions (fiberglass and steel)
    Body in fiberglass (Carrozzeria Scaglietti in Modena), except for the front hood, aluminum on steel frame (some possible problems of corrosion by electrolysis), then body made with steel (always produced at Scaglietti).
    Chassis numbers between 18677 and 21289 for fiberglass bodies.
    Chassis numbers between 20805 and 34503 for steel body.

    1.1. Engines :
    Europe: V8 90°, 178.61 cu/in, 4 camshafts derived from the 308 GT4 engine. (F106A type 021: 255 bhp at 6 600 rpm (SAE), torque 209.76 ft/lbs at 5 000 rpm). Compression ratio 8.8:1, bore 81mm, stroke 71mm. four Weber carburetors 40 DCNF. Dry sump lubrication, one distributor and single exhaust pipe (only one left rounded cutout at left in the rear apron).

    U.S.A., Japan, Australia: wet sump (F106A type 020: 240 bhp at 6 600 rpm (SAE), torque 195.21 ft/lbs at 5 000 rpm), two distributors and four exhaust pipes (only one large cut-off in the lower part of the rear apron). Air pump device. In general, these power figures must be considered with great caution since data have varied along time.

    1.2. Interiors :
    Imitation leather (leatherette), except door panels and seats which are in leather; the seats have 3 black stripes in imitation leather. Clock and oil temperature gauge on the left of the Momo steering wheel. « Brico Pram » cigarette lighter. One Vitaloni Californian rear view mirror on the driver's side. Radio pre-equipment: wiring, antenna and speakers on all models.

    On all U.S. cars, more prominent bumpers with integrated shock absorbers, body panels reinforcements, lower rear apron (or « diaper »), four exhaust pipes, specific front compartment layout (specific standards on impact full size spare wheel unlike Euro cars).
    1.3. Options :
    Air Conditioning.
    Boxer paint scheme.
    Metallic paint.
    Car radio (head unit).
    Roof console with equalizer and auto Panasonic radio.
    Vitaloni Californian mirror on the passenger side.
    Large front spoiler available during 1978, from chassis 23611 (« Millechiodi »).
    Front and rear foglights : from 1979 onwards, metal tabs are welded to the bumper’s supports. Rear left fog light is factory-fitted to all cars delivered new in Belgium from 1976.

    « Sprint pack » including P6 cams, 42 DCNF Weber carburetors, Borgo HC pistons, matt black cam cover, four exhaust pipes, stamped Ferrari (two rounded cut-outs, one on each side of the rear apron for Euro models).
    16" Speedline wheels fitted with Pirelli P7.
    7" 1/2 wide wheels.
    Heated rear window (standard on U.S. version).

    1.4. Factory Modifications :
    1976 :
    - The « Disegno di Pininfarina » badge affixed on the right side behind the door changed position from the right to the left side between the door and the wheel arch on the bottom of the waistline. Cars left the factory with a single badge on one side only, right, then left.
    - Deletion of the flap over the brake fluid reservoir and front spare wheel housing now with a straight edge in october, 1976.

    1977 :
    - Bodies change from fiberglass to steel for the body panels, first for the U.S. (end of 1976) then for European cars (mid 1977). U.S. version now have a rear muffler guard.
    - On the U.S. version, change of the front hood anchoring from single central hook (Euro) to twin hooks on both sides of the zipper canvas and transverse mid-height reinforcement of front hood.

    - Change in the fuse cover mounting with the deletion of the right Tenax button, replaced by a « U » slide at the end of the fuse cover.
    - A small pocket for small items appears on the front of the center console in front of the gear change grid in December, 1977.
    - GTS variant released (in september 1977 at the Frankfurt auto show) with F106AS wet sump engine, one distributor. Interior with a different console and door trim. Black side grids covering the rear quarter windows with unpainted silver edge, those grills can be opened for window cleaning and filling the tanks at the left.

    - Change from the monobloc fiberglass spare wheel shell housing to one in two parts, first on the U.S. version in October, 1977, then on European version in December, 1977. As the same time, change from the windscreen washer soft pocket to an Isola SpA plastic bottle and the spare wheel zipped canvas to an open fiberglass molding.

    - The speedometer font lettering changes from double bar to single thick bar and change of the odometer numbers from small to large size (this in 3 stages 1976, then from 1977 to 1978, and from 1979 to 1981), change of the low beam symbol for the last version.

    - Change of the headlight front cover (in 3 stages: 1976 until assembly number #232, 1977/1979 and 1979/1980). Waterproof covers mounted on the headlights motors during 1977.

    - The chrome rim around the horn button disappears.

    - A seal appears around door opening lever's recess.
    - Change of the oil pressure gauge with the addition of a warning light for total loss of pressure (the sensor is situated on the back of oil filter symmetrically to the pressure measuring sensor), in October, 1977.
    - Engine code for U.S.A. and Japan version is now F106AE.

    - In December, 1977, catalytic device on the U.S. version with « Slow Down » lights on each side of the steering rack, one for each cylinder bank. Change of the carburetors and cams size to reduce emissions (engine 205 bhp (SAE)). The trunk of these cars is shallower due to the fitting of the catalysators, back engine cover with an « u » shaped cooling vent assembly with rain cover attached to the hood.
    - The fuse cover securing returns to two Tenax buttons.
    - Change of the GTS rear quarter windows grids from aluminium to plastic (early 1978).
    - Electronic ignition from chassis 23561 GTB and 23265 GTS.

    - Change of the engine cover supporting rod from single-rod to two struts, one each side with brackets on the body, this from chassis 27583 GTB and 27309 GTS.
    - Different design of cut-out of the center console bearing the various levers in December, 1978 for the U.S. cars, then at the end of the 1st quarter 1979 for the European version.

    - Metric Michelin TRX wheels fitted as standard by the factory in the middle of 1980.
    - Aluminum Nardi steering wheel with new horn button.

    2. From 1980 to 1982 : versions of the 2 valve injected Ferrari 308 GTBi and GTSi
    Chassis number between 31327 and 43059 for GTBi.
    Chassis number between 31309 and 43079 for GTSi.
    2.1 Engines :
    Early 1980: Indirect Bosch K-Jetronic injection, full electronic ignition Marelli Digiplex (F106B: 214 bhp at 6600 rpm, torque 179 ft/lbs at 4600 rpm), wet sump on all models. Gear box and clutch
    mechanisms improved on the basis of what had been done on the Japanese versions. Two distributors and four exhaust pipes.

    2.2 Interiors :

    Black Nardi steering wheel, new design for upholstery and floor mats, new door trim, snap flap pocket behind the passenger seat on GTS only, a « Cavallino rampante » embossed on the headrests,
    new windows controls on the console (previously on the armrests), « Cavallino rampante » on ashtray (previously under the gear change lever), clock and oil temperature gauge at the end of the
    vertical part at the end of the console. Switch back to the contour pattern of the first carbureted 308s for the console carrying the levers (before mid 1979). Black instrumentation support,
    new design for the symbols for flashlights, battery and hazard lights on the dashboard lights. New cover for the safety belt top nut and new powered Unielektra rear-view mirrors.
    Central door locking.

    2.3 Options :
    Air Conditioning.
    Boxer paint scheme.
    Metallic paint.
    Large front spoiler.
    Campagnolo or Cromodora magnesium alloy wheels 14"x6" or 7" 1/2 (metric Michelin TRX wheels as factory standard).
    Speedline magnesium alloy wheels 16"x7" 1/2 front and 8" rear half.
    Roof spoiler.
    Schedoni luggage in leather (4 pieces).
    2.4 Factory Modifications :
    1980 :
    - End of year, change of position for the two vertical gauges on the console to horizontal on US versions. Change of the font’s size of the odometer totalizer digits.

    3. From 1982 to 1985 : Ferrari 308 « Quattrovalvole » versions
    Chassis number between 42809 and 59071 for GTB.
    Chassis number between 41701 and 59265 for GTS.
    3.1 Engines :
    In October 1982: Engine evolution, F105A: 32-valve heads, « Quattrovalvolve ». Aluminium liners, Nikasil treated, compression ratio 9.2:1 (F105A: 240 bhp at 7000 rpm, torque 191 ft/lbs at 5000 rpm),
    two distributors and four exhaust pipes. New Tellurium valve guides, Nimonic aluminum exhaust valves.

    New front radiator grille, chromed « Cavallino rampante » in central position and long-range headlights that could be used for flashlights. Additional venting louver on the front hood. New rear bumper design. TRX rims polished / frosted. New rectangular indicator repeater. New electric rear-view mirrors with « Cavallino rampante » badge and the small circular chromed shroud around the door lock is now recessed into the door steel panel. Air vents behind the headlights are anodized.

    3.2 Interiors  :
    New Momo steering wheel with new horn button.

    3.3 Options :
    Air Conditioning.
    Boxer paint scheme.
    Metallic paint.
    Rear view-mirror on passenger side.
    Central part of seat trim in fabric.
    Large front spoiler.
    Magnesium alloy wheels 16"x7" front and 8" 1/2 rear with Pirelli P7 or Goodyear tires as an option (metric Michelin TRX polished / frosted as standard factory).
    Roof spoiler (standard in Japan).
    Schedoni luggage in leather (4 pieces).
    3.4 Factory Modifications :
    1984 :
    - Steel body panels rust protected by « Zincrox », from December 1984 onwards.

    1985 :
    - Change of the fuse cover attachment.
    - Double accessory belts, one for alternator and one for the water pump, this from chassis 52349.
    4. From 1985 to 1989 : versions Ferrari 328
    Chassis number between 58735 and 83017 for GTB
    Chassis number between 59301 and 83136 for GTS
    4.1 Engines :
    In 1985, the 328 is introduced by Ferrari at the Frankfurt show , it has an evolution of the 90° V8 engine, with an increase in capacity to 194.36 cu/in (F105: 270 bhp at 7000 rpm and 224.23 ft/lbsof torque at 5500 rpm) through a bore augmented to 83mm (against 81mm for the 308) and a 73.6mm stroke (against 71mm for the 308). Compression ratio is higher also, from 9.2:1 to 9.8:1 (except for US engines, increase from 8.6:1 to 9.2:1).
    Other changes are made: different camshafts, different cylinder heads, Microplex ignition and a bigger oil cooler. Steering rack is identical to the one of the Ferrari 288 GTO.

    New front radiator grille, body colored fiberglass bumpers, black painted rocker panels, door release handle embedded in the door. Larger front hood vents and grill for hot air exit, deletion of the hot air vents behind each headlight pods. Hot air exit grill on the engine hood is « U » shaped on all 328s (no difference between markets). Round indicator repetitor behind the front wheel arch. New design for the « pancake » spare wheel with 5 spokes.

    4.2 Interiors :
    New console, new seat design and a pocket with snap flap behind the passenger seat, new door handles, new orange color for instrument panel lettering, change of the handbrake position (besides the driver’s seat, door side). Gear knob numbers in orange . Fuel, oil temperature gauges and clock are mounted in a small console above the radio drawer.

    4.3 Options :
    Air Conditioning.
    Boxer paint scheme.
    Metallic paint.
    Roof spoiler, black or body color (except on US cars, all delivered with the spoiler).
    Schedoni luggage set in leather (4 pieces), with two types of handles: folding on the side or pantograph.
    Extended leather on rear window surround and leather headliner.
    Leather dashboard.
    ABS during 1988 from chassis N° 76626 (except for U.S.A. version: MY 1988 cars all without ABS (so called « 88 1/2 » all MY 1989 with ABS).
    4.4 Factory Modifications :
    1987 :
    - New exhaust manifolds.
    - New electrical harness in the engine compartment.
    - Introduction of a leather sheath around the handbrake lever.

    - New valves from Euro chassis 71381 and U.S.A. 71401.
    - Current year, changes in trim the vinyl for the armrest (from leather to imitation leather), change of location of the inside door handle , modification of the dashboard with the appearance of a stitched seam in front of the binacle from chassis 71597.

    - Change for the lifting strut of the front hood, originally mounted on the left side then passing on the right side from chassis 75592.
    - Change in the external door opening, the housing around the opening flap becomes separated from the door by a small gasket from chassis 75928.
    - New oil cooler.
    - New heaters fan motors.
    - An insulating carpet appears under the rear hood.
    - Appearance of optional catalyst on some export versions with a specific grille on the top of the rear bumper. (US and Australian cars from the beginning of production, Swiss model from mid 1987, then Japan, etc…)
    - Introduction of a second rubber pad for foot support on the vertical part of the passenger carpet.
    1988 :
    - Improved suspension with convex wheel allowing ABS option with chassis 76626 in february 1988.
    - Double hook on front hood for all cars with the introduction of ABS (previously, only US cars were so equipped).
    - New valve seats from chassis 76666.
    - New asbestos free clutch disc from chassis 76824.
    - 10 mm Shift of the steering column from chassis 77451.
    - A flexible hose is substituted to the air intake conduit.
    - New regulator on the engines of the water radiator fans' motor.
    - New seat mechanisms, new quality of leather for the « beige » color, carpet insulation under the front hood, this before the end of 1988.
    5. From 1973 to 1980 : The Ferrari 308 GT4 versions
    In October 1973, Ferrari introduces a 2 + 2 hatchback designed by Bertone at the Paris auto show. The body is made of steel sheet, except the front and rear hoods which are aluminum on a steel structure. Chassis are numbered in an even sequence as were the 206 and 246 unlike previous Ferrari road models. At the beginning of production, the « Ferrari » brand does not appear, giving way to the name « Dino ».
    Engine: First production V8 engine for Ferrari at 90° angle, 178.61 cu/in, 4 camshafts. (F106A type 020: 250 bhp at 7700 rpm (SAE), torque 209.76 ft/lbs at 5000 rpm). Compression ratio 8.8:1, bore 81mm, stroke 71mm. Gearing is different from the GTB/S in fifth with 1:3.529. Wet sump lubrication, two Magnetti Marelli S159A distributors and four exhaust pipes. 4 Weber 40 DCNF carburetors. Michelin tire XWX 205 / 70-14.
    5.1 From 1973 to 1976 Ferrari 308 GT4 series 1 :
    Series badged « Dino » until 1975 (some U.S. cars had the two badges (« Dino » and the Ferrari « Cavallino rampante ») just before the change of series, the « Cavallino rampante » badge being then placed on top by the importer or seller according to factory technical bulletin 266/8), grid recessed from the bumper, black hoods grids, six spoke Cromodora wheels with a large central plastic « Dino » badge in blue on yellow to cover the wheel bolts. Horn button badged « Dino », glove box opening from below, 3 switches (fan, hazard lights and rear defrost) corresponding to 3 lights on the left dashboard, fuse box visible from the glove box. Fog lights (depending on the option) integrated into the body of each side of the front grid. Optional rear view mirror.  Black door handles. Michelin tire XWX 205 / 70-14. Headbands on bumpers show no particular logic between black and chrome.

    5.2 From 1976 to 1980: Ferrari 308 GT4 series 2 :
    Series badged with the « Cavallino rampante », wide front grid, foglights behind it, Cromodora six spoke wheels badged « Cavallino rampante » and chrome bolts. An extra « Cavallino rampante » on the tail on U.S. model, horn button badged « Cavallino rampante », glovebox lock and new front opening mechanism, 4 switches (speed wiper, hazard, fan, fog) on the left dashboard. New fixation for the rubber on the rear bumper. European model Magneti Marelli S127G distributor until 1978 and Magnetti Marelli AEI200A electronic ignition with SM805A distributor from chassis 14070 LHD 14020 RHD. From 1978, engine type AE: 230 bhp at 7700 rpm (SAE), torque 203.25 ft/lbs at 4600 rpm. U.S.A., Australia and Japan models keep the two igniters with the gasoline vapor recovery system and air pump.

    5.3 Options :
    Air conditioning.
    Boxer paint scheme.
    Metallic paint.
    Auto radio (head unit).
    Auto radio (head unit).
    Power windows (standard on the series 2 cars).
    Tinted windows (standard on the series 2 cars).
    Interior half-leathered or fully leathered (the standard interior was in cloth) with smooth door trim for the cloth interior or mirroring the seat pattern when it is all leather.

    Fog lamps (standard on the series 2 cars).
    Heated rear window (standard on U.S. cars).
    Rear luggage tray.
    Five spoke wheels.
    Goodyear Grand Prix 800s tyres.
    6. Production figures
    308 GTB fiberglass body: 712 (according to Mr Rouch) or 808 (according to SpA), include 100 US versions  (other numbers cited 110), 154 UK RHD version, 44 AUS RHD version.
    308 GTB steel: 2 185  (other numbers cited 2089).
    308 GTS: 3 219.
    308 GTB i: 494.
    308 GTS i: 1 749 (other numbers cited 1743).
    308 GTB QV: 748.
    308 GTS QV: 3 042.
    308 GT4: 2826 (other numbers cited 2987).
    328 GTB: 1 344 include 135 for US market and 130for UK market (RHD)
    328 GTS: 6 068 include 152 for Australian market (RHD) and 542 for UK market (RHD).
    A Ferrari 328  convertible chassis n° 49453 made by the factory.
    7. Identification :
    - Nameplate on the right side of the engine compartment and chassis number also casted onto the frame.
    - Identification on the steering column's plate.
    - Label on the door jamb for standards in Europe (only on carbureted model) and for import safety standards conformity anywhere else
    - « Assembly sequence number », printed on the chassis in several places depending on the model and which is found in elements such as fiberglass doors revetment, console, dashboard...
    - Motor identification on top of the engine block between the carburetors ramps or induction ramps.
    - Gearbox identification.
    This first article has helped you to go around all versions of Ferrari 308 and 328 to narrow your choice, with their characteristics, their options, their changes over the years ... Do you know other characteristics which are not listed? What have you learned from reading this article? If you own one of these models, is yours any different? The next two articles will help you discover, in detail, the cosmetic changes in these models (wheels, color carpets, bodywork, leather, dashboard, indicators, ...) and to benefit from owners buying tips for these models (including known issues and how to fix them).
    If you liked this article, you might enjoy reading :
    - Ferrari 308 and Ferrari 328 buying guide: the cosmetic aspects (2/3)
    - Ferrari 308 et Ferrari 328 buying guide: purchasing tips (3/3)
    - The dedicated website with the full Ferrari 308 and 328 buying guide
    - Long term test: Matmatlr's Ferrari 348
    The Ferrari F355 and the Ferrari 360 Modena are currently in close prices, while the Ferrari 360 Modena was the successor, with big developments, of the Ferrari F355. If you are looking for a Ferrari with a rear centered V8 engine, that might be your first Ferrari, which one should you choose? What are the criteria that will allow you to make your choice? Which of those two models of Ferrari is it better to avoid? From an idea of Seadweller (thank you to him), I propose you to take a view on these two highly regarded Ferrari.

    5 good reasons to choose the Ferrari 360 Modena:
    1. Maintenance costs
    The Ferrari 360 Modena, over time, should cost you less to maintain than the Ferrari F355. If we consider only routine maintenance, and not unexpected one, the Ferrari F355 will cost you more during big revisions to change belts. Indeed, the engine removal is required, which takes several hours, while a hatch exists on the Ferrari 360 Modena to change the belts more easily. In return, the clutch change will cost you less on a Ferrari F355, with an easier access. But this is not enough to offset the cost of changing the belts.
    2. Reliability
    The Ferrari 360 Modena is known as a Ferrari with no major problem. The first ones are from 1999, nearly 20 years ago, allowing to have a feedback from the aging of its components. On the Ferrari F355, you must pay attention to the exhaust manifolds. The ideal is that a previous owner had fitted Tubistyle collectors.

    3. habitability
    The Ferrari 360 Modena no longer has the format of the Ferrari F355 Berlinetta, its predecessor. It shows in its cabin, more spacious and roomy. It is also more modern, while that of the Ferrari F355 looks more like that of a classic car. Your driving position on the Ferrari 360 Modena is not shifted to the right as a Ferrari F355.
    4. Day to day usability
    With the Ferrari 360 Modena, Ferrari has tried to provide a Ferrari that could be used every day, realizing that the market for cars that go out only for driving pleasure is reduced. With a Ferrari 360 Modena, you do not have fans that light up constantly in traffic because the engine temperature rises too much. You do not have your calf that hurts after ten stops and starts in traffic.

    5. A perfect F1 box
    The F1 box appeared on the last versions of the Ferrari F355. As this was the first copies, it now appears slow and consumes a little more clutch than newer models. With the Ferrari 360 Modena, many improvements have been made over the years. A F1 box on a Ferrari 360 Modena, especially if you equip it with the latest version of the management software (or that of the Ferrari Challenge Stradale) was a real joy to use. You can not revert to a mechanical box.

    5 good reasons to prefer the Ferrari F355:
    1. The design
    The Ferrari 360 Modena has its followers. But when a survey is carried out on the most beautiful Ferrari, the Ferrari F355 is very far ahead, if not in the lead. It is the most popular, all colors look good on it. The Ferrari F355 is now a classic in the history of Ferrari. But aesthetics remain a personal choice.

    2. The thrills
    The Ferrari F355 is the latest Ferrari berlinetta without any electronic help. On the first versions, you even have a button to remove the ABS and power steering was an option. On the Ferrari 360 Modena, traction control appeared. The chassis of the Ferrari F355 is also reputed to be very good and relatively permissive.
    3. The GTS version
    The Ferrari F355 is the latest to offer a GTS version. Then only the coupe and the spider version were available in the catalog. Yet the GTS model is the best of both worlds: a hard top to keep the look of the coupe and not risk to have problems with your soft-top, and a removable roof to benefit from ballads with wind in your hairs, taking full advantage of the V8 melody.

    4. The sound
    The Ferrari F355 introduces 5 valves per cylinder that are partly responsible for the noise produced by this fabulous Ferrari. The sound produced is excellent in the Ferrari F355 series (first versions in particular), and will be magnified by a TubiStyle or Capristo exhaust, according to your taste. It is often compared to the sound produced by a Formula 1. The Ferrari 360 Modena requires a TubiStyle because the sound is too muffled when the valves are not opened.
    5. The depreciation
    As regular studies published on TheFerrarista.com show you, the Ferrari F355 has lost roughly 10 000 euros of its value over the past 3 years. For the Ferrari 360 Modena, it is more than the double! Even if you pay a higher maintenance on the Ferrari F355, because of its depreciation the Ferrari 360 Modena would amount to much more. Obviously this is the theory, and each case is different (potentially unforeseen breakdowns, specific to your model). Just as it is difficult to predict how the price of a Ferrari will change in the coming years.

    The Ferrari 360 Modena was a very big change compared to the Ferrari F355. When you read their differences above, you find that your choice will depend on what you are looking for in a Ferrari. A beautiful line or more modernity, for an easier everyday use and a reduced risk of unexpected maintenance costs. The right choice would be to try the two, like me, who initially opted for a Ferrari F355 GTS, to change a few years later for a Ferrari Challenge Stradale. In the end, these are two very different Ferrari.
    What are the other criteria, according to you, to differentiate the Ferrari F355 from the Ferrari 360 Modena that could be decisive when making a choice? If you own a Ferrari F355, why have you preferred it over the Ferrari 360 Modena? And if you own a Ferrari 360 Modena, why doesn't the Ferrari F355 catched your attention?
    If you enjoyed this article, you may also like:
    - Tighten the leather of the airbag of your Ferrari in 5 steps by PhilM
    - Do not miss those 21 Ferrari at Retromobile 2016
    - Long term test: Matmatlr's Ferrari 348
    Over the years, it is recurring on Ferrari that the leather in the cabin relaxes in places, especially at the passenger airbag. The first solution is to take the time to find the right specialist to make an appointment, to deposit your Ferrari then pick her up. And good work is not cheap. Can't you do it yourself, quicker and cheaper? PhilM offers, through its tutorial to tighten the leather airbag his Ferrari 575M, to discover the steps to have the pleasure to do it by yourself on your Ferrari.
    Your Ferrari leather will tend to relax especially if you leave it in the sun or if you live in the south of France. This is indeed the heat which causes the leather to shrink and the glue is no longer working. You can regularly observe this phenomenon in the interiors of Ferrari F355, Ferrari 456 or Ferrari 550 Maranello, for example. To prevent this problem at most, you have to regularly maintain your leather by cleaning and nourishing it. When the damage is done, this is what it may look like before action:

    Step 1: activate the circuit breaker to disable the airbag
    I advise you to inquire beforehand about the handling of airbags, there are precautions to take and everything you do will be at your own risk. For starters, think about opening the passenger door.
    You can then operate the circuit breaker (circled in red in the picture). Because obviously if you do it before opening the door, the window remains in high position ...

    Step 2: Remove the door of the glove
    Open the glove box and remove the screw 1 (circled in red on the photo) with Allen key 6 sections of 3 mm. Attention, the mechanism that holds the door of the glove box has a strong spring.

    Then remove the screw 2 (green arrow in the photo) with a Phillips screwdriver. I stuck the handle with a 2nd screwdriver to help me (especially practical at reassembly). Then you can release the lever completely.

    It is not necessary to completely remove the door of the glove, but it is not difficult and it simplifies things. You have to remove 4 screws (always 3 mm Allen key). In the photo you can see a screwdriver (green arrow) in the screw hole that holds the lever. It was just to help me for holes centering during reassembly. Besides, if you can have an Allen wrench with a handle like a screwdriver it will be much more convenient than a "L" key.

    then remove the door of the metal amount sandwiched inside.

    To remove the glove box, you have to remove 6 Phillips screws: 4 black on the upper part (circled in green) and 2 from below, metallic (circled in red).

    You also have a screw to loose that is just beneath the bottom. In the photo, she is pointed in red, but the plastic tab of the box is not inserted (photo taken during reassembly).

    You can then carefully remove the glove box. There are 3 wires to disconnect: the 2 connectors of the bulb, you just have to pull over,

    And a third connector that clips:

    Step 3: Remove the passenger airbag
    I don't have any photos of nuts holding the airbag unit in place, as they are not very visible. There are four, they are 10mm nuts. The easiest way to remove them is a small wrench 1/4 10mm socket with an extension for the upper left that is the most difficult to access (socket wrench surrounded in blue in the picture)

    Once the 4 screws are removed, you can remove the airbag block, knowing that it is still plugged in and the connector must be removed from the bracket before being unclipped.
    Here is the airbag block removed with the back on the stems which come to put the bolts that hold the block in place:

    Step 4: take off the leather
    I decided not to remove all the leather of the airbag, but only the part that is taking already off. For this I used a refined plastic spatula which does not damage the leather (well, this is a dog-headed tongue depressor but it does the trick ).

    To prevent debris, or anything else, to fit into the airbag, I wrapped in plastic film and masking adhesive.

    Step 5: sand and glue the leather
    I didn't do photo of the work that followed, but it is largely the longest and the most painful. It is necessary to remove the entire residual glue on the leather and plastic. There is a sub-layer of foam on the front that I have not touched. I then finely sanded surfaces (leather and plastic rim without foam).
    Then I tried to replace the leather when cold but it was impossible to get a satisfactory result. With a steam iron, I planned to steam on the leather and have stretched it with small pliers (homemade) put on the plastic rim. I did it a little every day for about a week to get a result that suited me.
    To glue it, I used a bomb with contact glue for the large surfaces and a liquid glue tube for the corners. You reassemble everything, following the above steps in reverse, and here's the end result:

    Do you have questions regarding additional details about this operation? Do you have the leather of your Ferrari that shrinks? What model of Ferrari and where? Do you fix it yourself? If you have already done, what additional advice would you give?
    If you enjoyed this article, you may also like:
    - Do not miss those 21 Ferrari at Retromobile 2016
    - Long term test: Matmatlr's Ferrari 348
    Retromobile is one of the finest exhibitions of old vehicles in the world. This is a good opportunity every year to admire beautiful cars and especially beautiful classic Ferrari. What were the most outstanding Ferrari in this 2016 Retromobile edition? Here is a review to discover the Ferrari that should not be missed.
    Visiting Retromobile is every year the opportunity to meet other members of TheFerrarista. It is also an opportunity to discuss with the organizers of the various events that will punctuate the coming year and to see the recognized industry professionals. The Ferrari world is relatively small.
    It is also an excellent opportunity to admire rare Ferrari. Here is the most remarkable Ferrari that this 2016 edition offered over the aisles. You will not find here the Ferrari that were sold in the auction rooms, which were widely publicized, such as the Ferrari 335 S that sold for 32 million euros.
    Here are, rather in order of personal preference, the 21 Ferrari that you should not miss in Retromobile, or an up session if you did not get there this year.
    1. Ferrari 250 Cabriolet Pininfarina serie 2 : produced at 200 units between 1959 and 1962

    Another copy after restoration at Ferrari Classiche :



    2. Ferrari 365 California (1966) : only 14 units produced (one per month):


    3. Ferrari 340 America :

    4. Ferrari 512 BB Competizione : 4 units produced in 1978 before the 512 BB LM


    5. Ferrari F40 LM (1993) : #18 of 19 produced by Michelotto (between 850 and 900 hp)


    6. Ferrari 250 GT SWB (1962) : 165 units built (90 Strada + 75 Competizione), thank you Georges for the information!)


    Another copy restored by Ferrari Classiche in 2010 (93 steel copies produced)

    7. Ferrari 365 GTB/4 Daytona Spyder : the last of the 123 copies, produced in Oro Chiaro

    8. Ferrari 250 SWB California Spyder (1961) :

    9. Ferrari 250 GT LWB Tour de France (1959) : serie 4, with 42 265 kilometers


    10. Ferrari 275 GTS : ex-Raquel Welch on the booth of Touring Superleggera who restored it. Chassis #7359 in blue Caracalla.
    Another copy on the MMC Stand: chassis #8015 from 1965

    11. Ferrari 250 GT Coupé :

    12. Ferrari 250 Europa chassis court : chassis #0297EU, 2 units, 1953

    13. Ferrari 288 GTO : the asking price for this copy (# 52475), with very few kilometers, was 2.25 million


    15. Ferrari 250 GT Lusso :

    Another almost identical copy

    16. Ferrari 312 : Formula 1 from 1966 to 1969, here the chassis #007 from 1967

    17. Ferrari 512 S :

    18. Ferrari 212 Inter Vignale : chassis # 0161EL, that finished second in the Panamericana 1951 with Ascari and Villoresi at the wheel.

    19. Ferrari 250 S : chassis #0156ET

    and a Ferrari 225 S, chassis # 0152EL (Aureil Thanks for the info!)

    20. Ferrari 512 BB :

    21. Dino 246 GT orange

    Finally, a video of some pictures I took there, to see the Ferrari, and other marquees, in dynamic:
    Which of these is your favorite Ferrari? In which order ? Were you at Retromobile for this 2016 edition? Are there any other Ferrari present at Rétromobile you would put on this list? Do you have more informations on those presented here?
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    - Tighten the leather of the airbag of your Ferrari in 5 steps by PhilM
    - Long term test: Matmatlr's Ferrari 348
    The Ferrari 348 appeared in the late 80s, after the death of Enzo Ferrari, amid infighting for his succession. Sometimes considered unloved, the Honda NSX having wronged it after its release, it brought joy to its owners. They love its little Testarossa look and its unassisted steering feel (last Ferrari without power steering or controlled suspension).
    What should you know about the Ferrari 348 before buying one? The best is to request the return of experience of an owner. Matmatlr is a member of Ferrarista.club who has the pleasure of driving his Ferrari 348 for a while.
    Franck : Hello Matmatlr, what is, quickly, your automotive journey and why did you choose the Ferrari 348?

    Matmatlr : Hello Franck, my passion for sports cars goes back to childhood and I have always had a weakness for Italian cars, their design, sportiness and faults that make you love them so much. After my studies, and when I thought to acquire my first car, I went abroad for work where I could not drive. So I waited for six long years and my return to Paris. I took the opportunity to splurge on a Porsche 911 3.2.

    I continued to watch the Ferrari 348 for their look and their old behavior! I also watched the Ferrari F355 but I thought their lines were too angular. I grew up with the lines of the Ferrari Testarossa and thus the Ferrari 348 was required!

    Franck : What were your criteria for buying a Ferrari 348 and how did you get this copy ?

    Matmatlr : The criteria were many: I wanted a Ferrari 348 TS, rosso corsa, black seats and red carpets. Of course with books and invoices and in very good state! I followed the market for a while when I found my happiness with a Ferrari dealership. No luck when I called, it had just been sold to Jean Marc (Roadking).
    By the time he presented himself on the forum,I told him to think of me if one day he wanted to part. This happened about six months later. I have been to see the car and have confirmed the purchase on the day of my 30 years.

    Franck : Immediately after purchase, what did impress you the most about your Ferrari 348?

    Matmatlr : Many things surprised me compared to the 911 that I had to sell. Firstly, the indescribable aura of the Ferrari 348 from other motorists. I lost count of the Thumbs Up and friendly signs!

    On the driving part, everything is faster, the chassis is excellent, it turns flat, the steering is very precise and center of gravity is very low. Of course revving is accompanied by the V8 symphony and have nothing to do with those of the Flat 6, reminiscent of a tractor engine.

    The Ferrari 348 is an excellent antidepressant. We forget everything at its wheel!

    Franck :  Looking back, what are the good points of your copy of the Ferrari 348 and have you encoutered any problems or defects?

    Matmatlr : I must say that I have not encountered any problems since I am its owner. This copy was well maintained, with due bills, nt, it does not fail me once! No special fault except some false electrical contacts in the cabin but nothing too bad for a grandma who has more than 20 years.

    No fault in my opinion on this model, some drawbacks which are an integral part of the charm of the car (pedal shifts, low visibility, hard steering ...) but I have taken the car knowing it and all these little things make me love it even more!

    Franck : Can you tell us about the costs involved for a normal use of the Ferrari 348?

    Matmatlr : It takes about € 800 for an annual service by a specialized independent. The major revision is to be carried out every four years and costs between 4500 and 6000 euros depending on what you want to change. It's the opportunity to repair the water pump and, as the engine is out, we replace what needs to be replaced

    Consumable prices are very reasonable for a sports car. The tires are however a little more complicated to find but no problem if you search a little in advance.

    For these two years with it, my feedback does not really reflect what it would have cost me because, being quite picky, I changed a lot of things during the first year (repair of interior plastics, refurbishment of interior leather, back to the original configuration, work impacts, catalyst replacement by TubiStyle tubes, new relays for window motors, etc.)

    All these points were absolutely not mandatory therefore to be considered as optional costs. For now, if we only consider the "mandatory" costs, it's € 1,600 for 2 years. Everything added, I spent € 13.000 for a vehicle in exceptional condition.
    Franck :  What advice would you give to someone wanting to buy a Ferrari 348?

    Matmatlr : First, to hurry because the fine examples are becoming increasingly rare! Then look for a car well attended by a specialist, with its bills. Please do not focus on the mileage that is secondary in my view. And do not hesitate to be accompanied by an expert so as not to miss out certain defects.
    Do not neglect the future maintenance as these are models which deserve special attention given their age. But do not listen to everything you hear about the reliability of Ferrari, which is absolutely not justified!

    A big THANK YOU to Matmatlr for sharing all this information! Do you have any further questions on the Ferrari 348? In this case, leave a comment, and also if you have a Ferrari 348 and want to add some precision.
    If you liked this article, you may also like:
    - Do not miss those 21 Ferrari at Retromobile 2016
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    - Ferrari 308 and 328 buying guide : the various versions (1/3)